Materials and Waste Guidelines
|No.||Guideline||NEW BUILDINGS||MAJOR RENOVATIONS|
|M.1||Life Cycle Assessment of Materials||Required||Required if Exterior Envelope is in Scope|
|M.2||Environmentally Preferable Materials||Required||Required|
|M.3||Waste Reduction and Management||Required||Required|
|M.99||General Project Data||Recommended||Recommended|
|Appendix M-0||Suggested Implementation for All Material and Waste Guidelines|
|Appendix M-3a||Example Specification for Construction Waste Management|
|Appendix M-3b||Construction Waste Recycling Economics Worksheet|
|Appendix M-3c||Packaging Waste Recycling Economics Worksheet|
Selection and use of materials and resources for more sustainable building has been an evolving process since the first recycled content products hit the market in the early 1970s. Costs related to increased waste from construction, depletion of non-renewable resources, and air and water pollution from production and distribution are becoming increasing drains on the State’s economy. Because the building industry consumes over three billion tons of raw materials annually—around 40 percent of the total material flow in the global economy—the need to reduce the effects of building material extraction, processing, delivery, use, and disposal has become imperative to improving the health of the economy and the environment. To this end, guidelines and rating systems have sought to guide practitioners toward choices that reduce waste and the negative environmental impacts associated with materials through prescriptive requirements for salvaged materials, recycled content, locally produced or assembled products, and renewable materials. The State of Minnesota Sustainable Building Guidelines (B3 Guidelines) are moving away from prescriptive requirements toward material selection based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) which will provide a better connection to real effects and costs. However, until there is more complete data available, the B3 Guidelines will also utilize some prescriptive strategies to effect change. This section focuses on the selection of building assemblies and materials as well as reduction of waste. Guideline P.2 Planning for Conservation addresses designing for reduced construction through shared use of spaces, building reuse, and design for flexibility and adaptability.
To produce projects with the lowest reasonable life cycle environmental impact at the lowest first cost based on material resource use and waste management.